The Bargello

Palace of the Podestà, jail, and chapel for the condemned

The Bigallo

Fourteenth-century charitable institution

The Innocenti

15th century children's hospital


Fourteenth-century granary and church of the guilds

Palazzo Davanzati

14th century merchant's residence

San Lorenzo

Fifteenth-century parish church, brainchild of Brunelleschi and burial ground of the early Medici

San Miniato

Eleventh-century Olivetan church and monastery

Santa Croce

Fourteenth- and fifteenth-century Franciscan church and friary

Santa Maria del Fiore (The Duomo)

Early Christian foundations; 14th century nave; 15th century cupola

Santa Maria Novella

Dominican convent and cloisters of Santa Maria Novella (1275)

Santa Trinita

Thirteenth-century church of Santa Trinita


The Loggia of the Bigallo

Florence As It Was' first 3D model is that of the Loggia of the Bigallo, one of Florence's most visible structures on the Piazza San Giovanni and a physical reminder of the city's rich Medieval past. The structure housed charitable organizations that ministered to orphaned children, poor unwed girls, the homeless, and pilgrims on the way to and from Rome. These confraternities sponsored the creation of some of the city's most unique art in order to decorate their residence and proclaim their importance in the fabric of Florentine society. And like much of Florence's past, the Bigallo has undergone significant changes—changes that we hope to unravel, peeling back the layers of time to find the Medieval city that gave birth to the Italian Renaissance. The Bigallo, then, is a perfect starting point for our work, and a snapshot that captures the essence of Florence As It Was.

Sam Joseph created the model using thousands images (which he took with a point-and-shoot camera and a tripod over the summer of 2017) and pieced it together using a process called photogrammetry. For future models, we hope to gain access to a high-resolution drone for detailed exteriors and a laser scanner for interiors.


Del Migliore

Italian, 1628-1696

Ferdinando del Migliore was born in 1628 and spent his adult life researching and writing about the history of Florence. A gifted archivist, del Migliore scoured the registers and contracts of individuals and institutions in an effort to present to his readers accurate accounts of the city’s past.

  • Migliore on the Bigallo
  • Miscellaneous

    Context-Dependent Sources


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