Encyclopedia Fiorentina

Here you will find the compendium of all our Florentine research and scholarship.

Work in Progress


Culture

Baptism in Florence

The ritual of baptism was a crucial feature of fourteenth- and fifteenth-century Florence. This symbolic practice carried both a spiritual and social weight integral for full participation in the fabric of Florentine society. Baptism was not only a means of defense against hellfire, but an introduction to civic society and a foundational moment in each individual’s life. While some of the finer details of the practice are unclear to contemporary scholars, we now know that by 1128 the ritual was performed at the octagonal Baptistery of San Giovanni, located directly across from the cathedral.


People

Alberto Arnoldi

ca. 1320? – ca. 1370?

Sculptor

Andrea Pisano

ca. 1295 – ca. 1348

Sculptor and Architect

Bernardo Daddi

ca. 1280 – 1348

Painter

Nardo di Cione

died c. 1366

Painter

Niccolo Gerini

ca. 1340–1416

Painter


Sites

Built in c. 1360, the Oratory of the Misericordia, as it was then known, has endured expansions, fires, renovations, a merger, and more to become the elegant structure that stands on the Piazza del Duomo today. Read more about the structure’s tumultous history here. Explore the headquarters of one of the city’s most prominent charities, the Confraternity of the Misericordia, later merged with that of the Bigallo, and see the art that it commissioned to assert its place in Florentine society.


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